Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (Pan paniscus) are both our evolutionary closest living relatives. Human and Pan lineages diverged around 7 million years ago, and the chimpanzee and the bonobo branched 1–2 million years ago.
When did the first chimpanzees appear?
50-55 million years ago The earliest ones are found in the fossil record dating to 50-55 million years ago.
How old are Pan troglodytes?
In the wild, chimps rarely live longer than 50 years; however some individuals have lived longer than 60 years in captivity.
Where did the name Pan troglodytes come from?
The colloquialism chimp was most likely coined some time in the late 1870s. The genus name Pan derives from the Greek god, while the specific name troglodytes was taken from the Troglodytae, a mythical race of cave-dwellers.
What did Pan troglodytes eat?
Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are ecologically flexible omnivores with broad diets comprising many plant and animal foods, although they mostly eat fruit (including figs). Like other ecologically flexible nonhuman primates (e.g., baboons, Papio spp.) with broad diets, their diets vary across habitats.
Who named chimpanzees?
The spelling chimpanzee is found in a 1758 supplement to Chambers Cyclopædia. The colloquialism chimp was most likely coined some time in the late 1870s. The chimpanzee was named Simia troglodytes by Johann Friedrich Blumenbach in 1776.
How many teeth are found in Pan troglodytes maxilla?
sixteen teeth There are sixteen teeth found in a Pan troglodytes maxilla. As an Old World primate species, their dental formula is 22.214.171.124, meaning two incisors,...
What does Pan mean in Pan troglodytes?
chimpanzee, chimp, Pan troglodytesnoun. intelligent somewhat arboreal ape of equatorial African forests.
Can a human outrun a chimp?
No doubt, chimpanzees are different from us. A chimp on four legs can easily outrun a world-class human sprinter. But it sounds extreme to suggest that humans are only an eighth as strong as chimpanzees. Consider that a large human can bench-press 250 pounds.
How many teeth are found in each species maxilla?
Four or five teeth are present on each maxilla. The maxillae are unusual in that they lie horizontally against the roof of the mouth with their transversely oriented tooth rows directed posteriorly.
Which teeth are for what?
The four main types of teeth are:Incisors - Your incisors are eight teeth in the front center of your mouth (four on both bottom and top). Canines - Your canines are the next teeth that develop in your mouth. Premolars - Premolars are used for tearing and crushing food. Molars - Your molars are your largest teeth.Jan 18, 2016